Excerpt from R.M. Probstfield Diary, 1874~
17 Friday Therm[ometer] 6 A.M. 32°, noon 44°, 8 P.M. 36° A.M. N.W. all day light. mostly cloudy. Thunder in morning. Dark cloudy P.M. Evening rain. Ice run several hours in afternoon and evening. Is gorged now at the Bend here (8 P.M.) River rose 4 feet last 24 hours. Made caves on south side of house
18 Saturday Therm[ometer] 6 A.M. 14°, noon 25°, 8 P.M. 25° About 2 inches of snow fell over night. Wind A.M. NW. Brisk drifting some. Changed to NE. P.M. light. Ice gorged up all the river in sight last night. Broke about noon and cleared out.
First published in 1940, The Long Winter
, by Laura Ingalls Wilder, is set in South Dakota during the severe winter of 1880-1881. Unlike many of Wilder’s other works, The Long Winter
contains far less fiction, and is, for the most part, an accurate account of the winter of 1880-1881. Remembered in history as “The Snow Winter,” frontier towns were left isolated and without food or supply shipments when deep snows made the Chicago and North Western Railway impassable for trains until the spring thaw. The frequent blizzards and deep cold set several records for temperatures and snowfall which stood until now.
This month, those records were shattered. Not since 1881 have temperatures in April failed to rise above 50 degrees Fahrenheit in Fargo-Moorhead. April 2013 is also well on its way to standing as the coldest April on record, since record keeping began in 1881. To date, the average temperature has been just 35 degrees, a full 21 degrees below normal. For the farmers, gardeners, and citizens of the Fargo-Moorhead region, spring just can’t come soon enough!
Ray Gesell, age 19, sitting atop a sprayer.
Before Fargo and Moorhead existed, settlers Randolph and Catherine Probstfield started a farm on a piece of high ground about three miles north of here. They called the spot Oakport, and here they grew vegetables to feed the towns that grew south of the farm. In Randolph’s last years, he took his young grandson Ray Gesell on his knee. He told the boy that that this land was the best in the world and he wanted Ray to take care of it one day.
Raymond Gesell moved onto the Probstfield farmstead in 1916, when he was 19 years old. He came to help his Aunts Millie and Josie Probstfield and Uncle Andy Probstfield. Ray became the driving force behind the Probstfield Farm for the next half century.